The International Conference on the Inclusive Museum will feature plenary sessions by some of the world’s leading thinkers and innovators in the field, as well as numerous parallel presentations by researchers and practitioners.

Alissandra Cumminsc Catherine Branson
Julien Anfruns John H. Falk
Henry Charles(Jatti) Bredekamp Lynn Dierking
Adi Meretui Ratunabuabua Janice Baker
An Laishun Lyndel V. Prott
Amareswar Galla Patrick O’Keefe
Marcus Wood Nguyễn Văn Huy
Craddock Morton Steven Engelsman

Garden Conversations Sessions

Plenary Speakers will make formal 30-minute presentations. They will also participate in 60-minute Garden Conversations - unstructured sessions that allow delegates a chance to meet the speakers and talk with them informally about the issues arising from their presentation.

Please return to this page for regular updates.

The Speakers

Alissandra Cumminsc
Alissandra Cumminsc is Director of the Barbados Museum and Historical Society. She holds a Bachelor of Arts Degree with Honours in the History of Art from the University of East Anglia, Norwich, and a Masters of Arts in Museum Studies from Leicester University,UK. A recognized authority on Caribbean heritage, museum development and art, she was elected a Fellow of the Museums Association (U.K), a first for the Caribbean. She is a lecturer in Heritage Studies with the University of the West Indies. She currently serves on the editorial committee of the International Journal of Museum Management and Curatorship.Ms. Cummins was instrumental in the establishment of the Museums Association of the Caribbean (MAC), becoming its Founding President in 1989, and was equally active as first Board member and then as President of the International Association for Caribbean Archaeology ( IACA). Miss Cummins served between 1998-2004 as Chairperson of the Advisory Committee of ICOM (International Council of Museums), following which she was elected as its President in 2004 and 2007. She is still serving in this capacity having been re-elected In August 2007. She has also served as Chairperson of UNESCO’s Intergovernmental Committee for Promoting the Return of Cultural Property to its Country of Origin or its Restitution in Case of Illicit Appropriation (ICPRCP) from 2003-2005, and more recently (2007) was appointed as President of the International Advisory Committee of UNESCO’s Memory of the World Programme. Ms. Cummins was recently selected to head Barbados’ delegation to the World Heritage Committee.

In 1999 Ms. Cummins was appointed Special Envoy for Cultural Heritage by the Government of Barbados, in which capacity she advises on both technical issues and policy development, and represents the nation at the regional and international levels. In 2005, Alissandra Cummins was awarded Barbados’ Gold Crown of Merit in recognition of her services to heritage and museum development. In 2006, she was recognized by UNESCO as one of “sixty eminent women who, in different parts of the world, in different positions and in different moments across the history of the Organization have made, and in many ways are still making, significant contributions to the ideals and action of the Organization, be it in education, culture, science or communication”.

Julien Anfruns
Julien Anfruns is the Director General of the International Council of Museums (ICOM), international organization of museums and museum professionals, affiliated to the UNESCO, which is committed to the conservation, continuation and communication to society of the world’s natural and cultural heritage for museums.He is also President of the International Committee of the Blue Shield (ICBS) which promotes the protection of cultural heritage as defined in The Hague Convention.

Julien Anfruns was educated at the Institute of Political Sciences of Paris, the French National School of Administration (ENA) and the Edhec Business School.

From 2002 to 2005, Julien Anfruns was in charge of Economic and Financial Affairs at the French Ministry of Culture and Communication. He then became Director of Administration, Financial and Legal Affairs at the Louvre Museum (2005-2008), where he was part of the strategic development of the Louvre both in France and abroad. He also occupied several diplomatic posts at the United Nations in New York, as well as in Finland and Estonia.

Concurrently, Julien Anfruns has been Associated Professor since 2002 at the Institute of Political Sciences of Paris, where he teaches Cultural Economy.

Henry Charles (Jatti) Bredekamp
Professor Henry (Jatti) Bredekamp is the CEO of Iziko Museums of Cape Town since November 2002; and since October 2006 President of the South African National Committee of ICOM (International Council of Museums).

His origins are firmly rooted in the Overberg of the Western Cape. Born at the Genadendal Mission Station by the end of the Second World War, he began his career as a farm school teacher near Leeu Gamka in the Great Karoo. He later joined the University of the Western Cape, which he had served for twenty-seven years. He holds Master degrees in History, obtained as a Fulbright scholar from the Wesleyan University in Connecticut, USA, and the UWC in South Africa. In 1976, he was appointed Lecturer-Researcher at UWC’s Institute for Historical Research and moved swiftly up the ranks. In 1992, he was appointed Associate Professor and, in 1995, he succeeded the world-renowned scholar Colin Bundy as Director of the Institute at UWC.

He is the Joint Project Manager of the Swedish Africa Museum Programme Network (SAMP) project on historical and contemporary slavery, as well as a Trustee of the Groot Constantia Trust and the Genadendal Mission Museum. He is also a member of the Castle Control Board, AFRICOM, and the Cross-Cultural Task Team of ICOM and the Strategic Planning Working Group of ICOM for 2008-2010 as well as a advisor on the Board of the Speaker and Chair of Parliament’s Millennium Project.

Adi Meretui Ratunabuabua
Adi Meretui Ratunabuabua hails from the Chiefly clan of Navatulevu, Nadi, on the main island of Fiji or Viti Levu. Her formative years were spent in Asia and Europe at British Army postings. After 22 years away from her homeland she had to relearn and rethink her culture and identity. She was instrumental in setting up the National School of Arts, Culture and Design at the Fiji Institute of Technology in 2000. Adi Meretui Ratunabuabua is an indigenous Fijian Chief. She is the Principal Cultural Development Officer with the Ministry of Fijian Affairs, Culture and Heritage and Regional Development. She works at the policy level coordinating the national agencies involved in both intangible and tangible heritage for the protection and promotion of Fiji heritage by the government and civil society. She the President of the Pacific Islands Museums Association, an Affiliated Organization of ICOM and an executive member of ICOMOS Pasifika.

An Laishun
Professor An Laishun has a PhD in Chinese History and Masters Degree of the Arts in Museology. He is the Deputy Director of the International Friendship Museum of China, Secretary General of Chinese Society of Museums, Member of the ICOM Cross Cultural Task Force, and Vice President of the International Committee for Museology of ICOM. Laishun has been a prominent thinker and innovator in the use of ecomuseology for safeguarding the heritage of indigenous peoples and ethnic minority groups in China and Asia. He is the Chief Coordinator of the Organising Committee for ICOM XXII General Conference and XXV General Assembly, 7-12 November 2010 Shanghai.

Amareswar Galla
Born and educated in both south and north India, including Jawaharlal Nehru University in New Delhi, Professor Galla provides strategic cultural leadership in Australia and the Asia Pacific Region as the Professor of Museum Studies at the University of Queensland in Brisbane. ( Until recently he was the Professor and Director of Sustainable Heritage Development, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, the Australian National University in Canberra. He was also a regular visitor at the National Museum of Ethnology, Leiden, working on the implementation of Museums and Cultural Diversity Promotion in the Netherlands; Guest Curator of International Projects with the Vietnam National Department of Cultural Heritage; and Founding Convener of the Pacific Asia Observatory for Cultural Diversity in Sustainable Heritage Development in partnership with several bodies including UNESCO. ( He is the first Australian elected as the President of the Asia Pacific Executive Board (1998-2004) - Chairperson of the Cross Cultural Task Force (2005-2011) - and until recently Vice President of the International Executive Council (2004-2007) - of the International Council of Museums, Paris. He is a Trustee of the Pacific Islands Museums Association.

Marcus Wood
Marcus Wood is a painter, performance artist and film maker, and also a professor in the English department of the University of Sussex. He has been writing books and making art about the memory of Atlantic slavery for the last twenty years. His publications include Blind Memory: Visual Representations of Slavery in England and America 1765-1865 (2000) and Slavery Empathy and Pornography (2003). During the next three years Marcus, as a senior Leverhulme fellow, will be writing a comparative analysis of Brazilian and North American slavery propagandas. This book will have a particular emphasis on Diasporic memory and museum culture.

Craddock Morton
Craddock Morton is the Director of the National Museum of Australia and President of ICOM Australia. He is also the current Chair of the National Cultural Heritage Committee and a Director of Art Exhibitions Australia. His distinguished career until 1994 includes the position of Senior Adviser to the then Prime Minister (Hon PJ Keating) and the of Director of the Australian Foundation for Culture and Humanities. From 1995 he held various positions in the Department of Communications, Information Technology and the Arts, including Chief General Manager on the Acton Peninsula Project (National Museum construction), until being appointed to act as Director of the National Museum of Australia in December 2003 and to the position on 24 June 2004 for a three-year term. He was re-appointed for a further three year term from 24 June 2007.

Catherine Branson
The Hon. Catherine Branson commenced her five year term as the appointed President of the Australian Human Rights Commission and 14 October 2008. At the time of her appointment, she was a judge of the Federal Court of Australia, a position she had held since 1994. Justice Branson was the inaugural convenor of the Federal Court’s Equality and the Law Committee, which was created in 1997. She was also the inaugural convenor of the Court’s Human Rights Panel for New South Wales. She was a member of the Board of Examiners of the Supreme Court of South Australia, a council member of the University of South Australia and a Trustee of the Adelaide Festival Centre Trust. She had earlier been Deputy Chair of the Adelaide Medical Centre for Women and Children and a member of the National Women’s Advisory Council. Ms Branson is a past President of the Australian Institute for Judicial Administration and a former member of the Board of Management of IDLO (a governmental organisation based in Rome enjoying observer status at the United Nations). She is a member of the International Association of Judges and the International Association of Refugee Law Judges (including convenor of the association’s Human Rights Nexus Working Party). Between 1984-89, she was Crown Solicitor of South Australia and the CEO of the South Australian Attorney-General’s Department.

John H. Falk
Dr. John H. Falk, Sea Grant Professor of Free-Choice Learning at Oregon State University, is known internationally for his expertise on free-choice learning; the learning that occurs in settings like museums, parks, and on the Internet. He has worked with learners of all ages — children from pre-school through high school and young adults to seniors. Dr. Falk has authored over one hundred scholarly articles and chapters in the areas of learning, biology and education, more than a dozen books, and helped to create several nationally important out-of-school educational curricula. He is also well known for his expertise on non-profit business and evaluation issues. Notable recent books include: Learning from Museums: Visitor experiences and the making of meaning (2000, with Lynn Dierking); Free-Choice Science Education: How people learn outside of school (2001); Lessons without Limit: How free-choice learning is transforming education (2002, with Lynn Dierking); Thriving in the Knowledge Age: New business models for museums and other cultural institutions (2006, with Beverly Sheppard); In Principle, In Practice: Museums as learning institutions (2007, with Lynn Dierking and Susan Foutz); Exemplary Science Programs: Informal Science Education (2007, with Robert Yager); Free-Choice Learning and the Environment(2009, with Joe Heimlich and Susan Foutz); and Identity and the Museum Visitor Experience (2009).

Lynn D. Dierking
Dr. Lynn D. Dierking, Sea Grant Professor in Free-Choice Learning, Oregon State University, is internationally recognized for her research on free-choice learning, the development and evaluation of community-based programs and partnership efforts involving diverse communities and cultural institutions. She has published extensively in these areas, most notably Collaboration: Critical criteria for success (1997, with John Falk, Dana Holland, Susan Fisher, Dennis Schatz and Leila Wilke); Questioning assumptions from the start: An introduction to front-end studies in museums (1998, with Wendy Pollock); Learning from museums: Visitor experiences and the making of meaning (2000, with John Falk); and, In Principle, In Practice: Museums as learning institutions (2007, with John Falk and Susan Foutz). Presently Dierking is working on another book, Families and museums: Supporting family learning in the 21st Century, due out in 2010. She is also collaborating on a U.S.-National Science Foundation-funded research project investigating the long-term impact of gender-focused free-choice learning experiences on girls’ interest, engagement, and involvement in science communities, careers and hobbies. She serves on the Editorial Boards of Science Education and the Journal of Museum Management and Curatorship. In 2006 she (together with John Falk) was named to the Centennial Honor Roll of the American Association of Museums as one of 100 leaders who has provided leadership and service to the field throughout their careers.

Janice Baker
Janice Baker is an art curator whose major curatorial projects have been at the Art Gallery of Western Australia and the Lawrence Wilson Art Gallery at the University of Western Australia. She is the recipient of the International Award for Excellence in the Inclusive Museum Field. Janice is currently a PhD candidate at Curtin University of Technology in Perth, Australia. Her academic interests connect the fields of museum studies and cultural studies. Janice’s doctoral research involves reflecting on museum spaces and cultural heritage from a cinematic and specifically Deleuzian perspective.

Lyndel Vivien Prott
Lyndel Vivien Prott holds the degrees of Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Laws of the University of Sydney, a Licence Spéciale en Droit international of the Free University of Brussels and of Dr. Juris of the Eberhard-Karls University of Tübingen in Germany. Between the latter two degrees she was an officer of the Legal and Treaties Section of the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs. Before joining UNESCO as Chief of the International Standards Section in the Division of Cultural Heritage in 1990, she had a distinguished career as an academic, teaching and researching at the Faculty of Law at the University of Sydney. Her expertise in Comparative Law, International Law, Jurisprudence, and especially in Cultural Heritage Law, where she is regarded as one of the pioneers of the subject, led to her appointment to a personal Chair in Cultural Heritage Law at that University, from which she resigned after taking up her post in UNESCO. In January 2001, Dr Prott was appointed Director of UNESCO’s Division of Cultural Heritage. Dr. Prott has lectured at many universities and institutes around the world and has authored, co-authored or edited over 200 books, reports or articles. She has written in English, French and German and been published in Arabic, Croat, Chinese, Italian, Magyar, Russian and Spanish. With her husband, Dr. P.J.O’Keefe, she is co-authoring the fundamental research text in cultural heritage law Law and the Cultural Heritage of which two of the planned 5 volumes are already published. Her book on the International Court of Justice The Latent Power of Culture and the International Judge 1979 and her more recent Commentary on the UNIDROIT Convention 1995 are also well known among experts in international law. She is on the Editorial Board of three international specialist Journals. In 1991 she was honoured for her work in Cultural Heritage Law as Member of the Order of Australia, and in 2000 the Government of Austria awarded her the “Croix d’honneur autrichienne pour les Sciences et l’Art première classe”. In 1991 she was honoured for her work in Cultural Heritage Law as Member of the Order of Australia, and in 2000 the Government of Austria awarded her the “Croix d’honneur autrichienne pour les Sciences et l’Art première classe”. Professor Prott taught International Heritage Law at the ANU form 2003 to 2006 and is currently engaged in similar programmes and supervising PhD students in Museum Studies at the University of Queensland as a distinguished professor.

Patrick O’Keefe
Patrick O’Keefe had a distinguished career in the Australian Public Service, the University of Sydney and as a consultant in Paris. A specialist in the law and management of cultural heritage since 1970, O’Keefe has advised international organizations, governments and private parties. A Member of the Order of Australia, a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of London; of the Australian Academy of the Humanities and of the Society for Advanced Legal Studies London, he is a member of many international expert bodies and on the editorial boards of three leading journals. He has written over 200 books, reports and articles on aspects of cultural heritage. O’Keefe was founding Chairman of the Heritage Law Committee of the International Law Association and held the post for 12 years. Now semi-retired, he has accepted appointment as Honorary Professor at the University of Queensland.

Nguyễn Văn Huy
Nguyễn Văn Huy enthusiastically took part in field trips of the Vietnam Institute of Ethnology to remote and mountainous areas bordering China and Laos in the 1960’s, surveying then little known ethnic minority groups. As early as 1980s, while working toward the completion of a Ph.D. in Ethnology (1988, Hanoi University), Nguyen pioneered a new direction in ethnological research, i.e. sociological approach. Leading colleagues to conduct the first sociological surveys of ethnic groups across the country, Nguyen directed his interests to contemporary issues of socio-economic development of ethnic minorities and ethnic relations. These years of grounded experience with, solid scholarly insights of and deep concerns for the minorities formed a core of Nguyen’s advocacy for local voices through his new adventure as the founding director of the Vietnam Museum of Ethnology (1995-2006). Nguyen is author of approximately 60 journal articles and more than 10 books, among which are Faces, Voices and Lives: Experience of a Director in Building a Museum for Communities (Thế giới Publisher, Hanoi, 2008) and Vietnam: Journeys of Body, Mind and Spirit (co-edited with Laurel Kendall, University of California Press, Berkely, 2004). For his contributions to the preservation cultural heritage and enrichment of local daily life, Nguyen received Chevalier de L’Ordre des Arts et des Lettres, (République Française, 2007), Aid to Artisans Award (2002), and Rockefeller 3rd Award (Asian Culture Council, 1999).

Steven Engelsman
Dr Steven Engelsman is the Director of the National Museum of Ethnology in the Netherlands. Since he took up his position as its 13th director in 1992, the museum has gone through a range of transformations: it devolved from a government agency into an independent organisation, collections management was brought up to standard, and its buildings and permanent displays were completely renovated. The main challenges now are connecting the museum to cultural minority and immigrant groups in the Netherlands and sharing the collections with museums in countries of provenance.

Dr Engelsman has been one of the founders of the ASEMUS network of Asian and European Museums, and is one of its past presidents, and he is the Secretary of the European Ethnology Museums Directors Group. He was formerly Deputy Director of the National Museum of the History of Science, and holds a doctorate (cum laude) in the history of mathematics from Utrecht University.